Prohibition of Harassment, Intimidation, or Bullying - 3216

Mukilteo School District
Students - Series 3000
Prohibition of Harassment, Intimidation, or Bullying - 3216
    1. Statement of Policy

      The Mukilteo School District is committed to a safe and civil educational environment for all students that is free from harassment, intimidation or bullying.

    2. Definitions

      "Harassment, intimidation or bullying" means any intentionally written message or image — including those that are electronically transmitted, — a verbal, or physical act, including, but not limited to, one shown to be motivated by any characteristic in 28A.640.010 and 28A.642.010, or other distinguishing characteristics, when an act:

      • Physically harms a student or damages the student's property; or

      • Has the effect of substantially interfering with a student's education; or

      • Is so severe, persistent or pervasive that it creates an intimidating or threatening educational environment; or

      • Has the effect of substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school.

      Nothing in this section requires the affected student to actually possess a characteristic that is a basis for the harassment, intimidation or bullying.

      "Other distinguishing characteristics" can include but are not limited to: physical appearance, clothing or other apparel, socioeconomic statusand weight. "Intentional acts" refers to the individual's choice to engage in the act rather than the ultimate impact of the action(s).

    3. Behaviors/Expressions

      This policy recognizes that 'harassment,' 'intimidation,' and 'bullying' are separate but related behaviors. Each must be addressed appropriately. The accompanying procedure differentiates the three behaviors; however, this differentiation should not be considered part of the legal definition of these behaviors.

      Harassment, intimidation or bullying can take many forms including, but not limited to, slurs, rumors, jokes, innuendoes, demeaning comments, drawings, cartoons, pranks, gestures, physical attacks, threats or other written, oral, physical or electronically transmitted messages or images including, but not limited to, posts on social networking sites.

      This policy is not intended to prohibit expression of religious, philosophical, or political views, provided that the expression does not substantially disrupt the educational environment. Many behaviors that do not rise to the level of harassment, intimidation or bullying may still be prohibited by other District policies or building, classroom or program rules.

    4. Training

      This policy is a component of the District's responsibility to create and maintain a safe, civil, respectful and inclusive learning community and shall be implemented in conjunction with comprehensive training of staff and volunteers, including education of students in partnership with families and the community. Specific training requirements are included in the accompanying procedures.

    5. Prevention

      The District will provide students with strategies aimed at preventing harassment, intimidation and bullying, and will seek assistance from families, law enforcement and other community agencies as available.

    6. Interventions

      Interventions are designed to remediate the impact on the targeted student(s) and others impacted by the violation, to change the behavior of the perpetrator, and to restore a positive school climate. The District will consider the frequency of incidents, developmental age of the student, and severity of the conduct in determining intervention strategies. Interventions will range from counseling, correcting behavior and discipline, to law enforcement referrals.

    7. Students with Individual Education Plans or Section 504 Plans

      If allegations are made that a student with an Individual Education Plan (IEP) or Section 504 Plan has been the aggressor or target of harassment, intimidation or bullying, the school will convene the student's IEP or Section 504 team to determine whether the incident had an impact on the student's ability to receive a Free, Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). The meeting will occur regardless of whether the harassment, intimidation or bullying incident was based on the student's disability. During the meeting, the team will evaluate issues such as the student's academic performance, behavioral issues, attendance, and participation in extracurricular activities. If a determination is made that the student is not receiving a FAPE as a result of the harassment, intimidation or bullying incident, the District will take action to ensure the student receives a FAPE.

    8. Retaliation/False Allegations

      Retaliation is prohibited and will result in appropriate discipline. It is a violation of this policy to threaten or harm someone for reporting harassment, intimidation, or bullying , or participating in an investigation.  It is also a violation of District policy to knowingly report false allegations of harassment, intimidation, and bullying. Students or employees will not be disciplined for making a report in good faith.  However, persons found to knowingly report or corroborate false allegations will be subject to appropriate discipline.

    9. Compliance Officer

The Superintendent will appoint a compliance officer as the primary District contact to receive copies of all formal and informal complaints and ensure policy implementation. The name and contact information for the compliance officer will be communicated throughout the District. The District compliance office will participate in at least one mandatory training opportunity offered by the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI).


Cross References:

Board Policy 2314 Technology Resources
Board Policy 3210 Nondiscrimination
Board Policy 3241 Classroom Management, Discipline and Corrective Action
Board Policy 3211 Gender-Inclusive Schools
Board Policy 2161 Special Education and Related Services For Eligible Students

Legal References:

RCW 28A.600.477 Prohibition of harassment, intimidation, and bullying
RCW 28A.600.480 Reporting of harassment, intimidation, or bullying - Retaliation prohibited -Immunity
RCW 28A.640.020 Sexual Harassment
RCW 28A.642 Discrimination prohibition
RCW 49.60.010 Law Against Discrimination


Adoption Date: June 13, 2011
Revised: February 23, 2015
Revised: September 9, 2019