Relations with Law Enforcement and Other Government Agencies - Procedures - 4411-P

Mukilteo School District
Community Relations - Series 4000
Relations with Law Enforcement and Other Government Agencies - Procedures - 4411-P

Relations with Law Enforcement Agencies

  1. A law enforcement officer (excluding a School Resource Officer) will contact the principal upon entering a school building.

  2. An officer may request and be provided "directory information" regarding a student as further defined in Board Policy 3600-P.  However, building staff must first confirm that the parent of a minor student or the adult student, if they are over the age of 18, has not notified the school in writing that they do not want such information to be disclosed.

  3. The District will release copies of a student's education records to law enforcement representatives only when presented with:
    • Prior written consent by the student's parent or the adult student for such release; or
    • A copy of a subpoena or court order permitting the release of such records, provided the parent or adult student is given reasonable notice of the subpoena or court order prior to the release, unless such notice is specifically by the subpoena or court order; or
    • Evidence that the release of such records is necessary as part of a health or safety emergency.

Education records include those records in a student's cumulative folder and any supplementary records, as further defined in Board Policy 3600-P.

  1. While the District encourages interrogations of students to take place off school premises, the principal may permit a law enforcement officer to conduct any necessary interviews of a student on school grounds, pursuant to the following procedures. These procedures do not apply to School Resource Officers acting within the scope of their normal duties at a school.
    • The law enforcement officer provides a copy of a warrant or a court order specifically authorizing the interview; or
    • The law enforcement officer provides evidence that a parent/guardian of the student has authorized the interview and/or the officer allows building staff to obtain prior authorization from the student's parent/guardian; or
    • If the law enforcement officer reports that the interview must occur without first complying with the applicable procedures above because of emergency/exigent circumstances, such as the health/safety of the student, or any other basis not addressed above, the building administrator must contact a District level administrator for immediate guidance.  Building staff may not permit such an interview to proceed on school grounds without first obtaining District-level authorization for the interview. 
  1. In cases where a student's parent/guardian does not receive prior notice of and/or authorize the law enforcement interview, the student's parent/guardian will be notified by school staff at the earliest possible point in the investigation that will not jeopardize the safety or protection of the student or the course of the investigation. 

  2. A law enforcement officer is not required to have a warrant or court order in order for the school to release the student into law enforcement custody, provided the law enforcement officer determines there is probable cause to believe that student is abused or neglected and the student would be injured or could not be taken into custody if it were necessary to obtain a prior court order.  In the event a student is taken into custody by a law enforcement officer, the school will take steps to notify the parent/guardian as soon as reasonably possible.

Relations with Child Protective Agencies

  1. A child protective services (CPS) worker will contact the principal upon entering a school building.

  2. A CPS worker may request and be provided "directory information" regarding a student as further defined in Board Policy 3600-P.  However, building staff must first confirm that the parent of a minor student or the adult student has not notified the school in writing that they do not want such information to be disclosed. 

  3. The District will release copies of a student's education records to CPS worker only when presented with: 
    • Prior written consent by the student's parent or the adult student provided for such release; or
    • A copy of a subpoena or court order permitting the release of such records,  provided the parent or adult student is given reasonable notice of the subpoena or court order prior to the release, unless such notice is specifically by the subpoena or court order; or
    • Evidence that the records are necessary as part of a CPS investigation of reported child abuse or neglect; or
    • Evidence that the records are necessary as part of a health or safety emergency.

Education records include those records in a student's cumulative folder and any supplementary records, as further defined in Board Policy 3600-P.

  1. While the District encourages interviews of a student to take place off school premises, the principal may permit a CPS worker investigating child abuse or neglect to interview a student on school grounds, pursuant to the following procedures:
  • The CPS worker provides evidence that the student's parent/guardian authorized the interview and/or the CPS worker allows District staff to obtain prior authorization from the student's parent/guardian; or

  • The student agrees to talk with the CPS worker; and
    • The student is given the opportunity to request that a third-party observe the interview, such as a District staff member; and
    • The student is informed that s/he may decline to be interviewed and may stop the interview at any point.
  1. In cases where a student's parent/guardian does not receive prior notice of and/or authorize the CPS interview, the student's parent/guardian will be notified by school staff at the earliest possible point in the investigation that will not jeopardize the safety or protection of the student or the course of the investigation. 

  2. A CPS worker is required to have a court order for the school to release custody of the student to the CPS worker. However, if the CPS worker is accompanied by a law enforcement officer, and the law enforcement officer takes the student into custody for the reasons set forth above, no court order will be required.  In either event, the school will take steps to notify the parent/guardian as soon as reasonably possible.

Relations with Health Department Officials

  1. A health department official will contact the principal on entering a school building.

  2. A health department official may request and be provided "directory information" regarding a student as further defined in Board Policy 3600-P.  However, building staff must first confirm that the parent of a minor student or the adult student has not notified the school in writing that they do not want such information to be disclosed.     

  3. The District will release copies of a student's education records to a health department official only when presented with: 
    • Prior written consent by the student's parent or the adult student for such release; or
    • A copy of subpoena or court order permitting the release of such records,  provided the parent or adult student is given reasonable notice of the subpoena or court order prior to the release, unless such notice is specifically by the subpoena or court order; or
    • Evidence that the records are necessary as part of a health or safety emergency.

Education records include those records in a student's cumulative folder and any supplementary records, as further defined in Board Policy 3600-P. 

  1. While the District encourages interviews of students to take place off school premises, the principal may permit a health department official to conduct an interview on school grounds of a student suspected of being in contact with an individual infected with a communicable disease, pursuant to the following procedures:

      • The health department official provides evidence that the student's parent/guardian authorized the interview and/or the health department official allows District staff to obtain prior authorization from the student's parent/guardian; or
      • The student agrees to talk with the health department official; and
        • The student is given the opportunity to request that a third-party observe the interview, such as a District staff member; and
        • The student is informed that s/he may decline to be interviewed and may stop the interview at any point.

  2. In cases where a student's parent/guardian does not receive prior notice of and/or authorize the health department interview, the student's parent/guardian will be notified by school staff as soon as reasonably possible. 


November 10, 1997
Revised: March 8, 2010
Revised: April 25, 2019